There are many requirements for highway tank compliance with Canadian (Transport Canada) and American (US DOT) Regulations for the Transportation of Dangerous Goods.
In recent months, crossover pipes on highway tanks have been questioned. A crossover pipe on a highway tank connects two compartments separated by a bulkhead. As such, these highway tanks become a single-compartment tank, since crossover pipes join the two compartments as one.
Why have crossover pipes been designed and manufactured on highway tanks?
- To allow the loading of lading to distribute weight on the drive axles for adequate traction and load balancing.
- To equalize the pressure between the two compartments.
- To lighten the bulkhead.
- To double the venting capacity during loading of one compartment of the tank.
Reasons why the use of crossover pipes is often not in compliance:
- The nameplates show the highway tanks as two-compartment tanks when the compartments are not isolated from one another. Inspections and tests of single-compartment tanks have passed when the nameplates identify the highway tanks as two-compartment tanks. The nameplate does not comply with the requirements and the tank requires a modification.
- Independently pressure testing each compartment and validating bulkhead integrity are not possible. Also, an operator could load reactive ladings into each compartment, not realizing that the compartments are openly connected to one another.
- The crossover pipe extends above the rollover protection and does not have a leak tight closure located as close to the tank as practicable for any opening that is not an outlet.
Highway tanks with crossover pipes usually require at least one or two modifications for the tanks to comply with the requirements. All modifications require the design review and approval of a Transport Canada-registered Design Engineer (B620-09 Clause 18.104.22.168).
If you are being affected by this issue, please call 780-414-1895 or email us at firstname.lastname@example.org. We will either answer your questions immediately or quickly get the answers that you need to continue your business operations safely and within full compliance of the regulations.
If you have any other issues about the design, manufacture, assembly, operation, inspection, test, repair, modification and / or retest of any highway tank, call now. We can help.
This Bulletin titled TDG Bulletin-Crossover Pipes is Copyright © 2016, ProSolve Consulting Ltd., Release 20160922-02